Penguins live in many various ecosystems throughout the Southern Hemisphere, including a large penguin population on Australia’s lush, green Macquarie Island.

Macquarie Island looks like penguins heaven.

Macquarie Island (34 km long x 5 km wide) is an oceanic island in the Southern Ocean, lying 1,500 km south-east of Tasmania and approximately halfway between Australia and the Antarctic continent. The island is the exposed crest of the undersea Macquarie Ridge, raised to its present position where the Indo-Australian tectonic plate meets the Pacific plate. It is a site of major geoconservation significance, being the only place on earth where rocks from the earth’s mantle (6 km below the ocean floor) are being actively exposed above sea-level. These unique exposures include excellent examples of pillow basalts and other extrusive rocks.

 

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04 Dec 2009, Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia --- King penguin colony on Macquarie Island in Australia --- Image by © Nick Rains/Corbis 04 Dec 2009, Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia — King penguin colony on Macquarie Island in Australia — Image by © Nick Rains/Corbis

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King penguin colony (Aptenodytes patagonicus), Macquarie Island, Sub-Antarctic, Polar Regions King penguin colony (Aptenodytes patagonicus), Macquarie Island, Sub-Antarctic, Polar Regions

Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) group walking to colony past Macquarie Island Cabbage (Stilbcarpa polaris) both endemic to Macquarie Island, Australia Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) group walking to colony past Macquarie Island Cabbage (Stilbcarpa polaris) both endemic to Macquarie Island, Australia

Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia --- King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) group and tourists in zodiac, Lusitania Bay, Macquarie Island, Subantarctic, Australia --- Image by © Colin Monteath/ Hedgehog House/Minden Pictures/Corbis

Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia — King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) group and tourists in zodiac, Lusitania Bay, Macquarie Island, Subantarctic, Australia — Image by © Colin Monteath/ Hedgehog House/Minden Pictures/Corbis

King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) colony on Macquarie Island, sub-Antarctica Australia King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) colony on Macquarie Island, sub-Antarctica Australia

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15 Nov 2008, Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia --- Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) group walking, Macquarie Island, Australia --- Image by © Otto Plantema/ Buiten-beeld/Minden Pictures/Corbis 15 Nov 2008, Macquarie Island, Tasmania, Australia — Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) group walking, Macquarie Island, Australia — Image by © Otto Plantema/ Buiten-beeld/Minden Pictures/Corbis

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